CentOS5.7 编译安装 Git 配置Git仓库

总结:不加路径可直接使用命令添加操作
ln -s /usr/local/bin/git* .
ln -s /usr/sbin/svn* .
加【.】表示排除文件夹目录

[root@localhost repository]# git clone root@74.207.254.10:/usr/local/system/repository/blog
Initialized empty Git repository in /root/repository/blog/.git/
bash: git-upload-pack: command not found #竟然报这么个错误,这是怎么回事呢?
fatal: The remote end hung up unexpectedly

通过google得知,git-upload-pack这个命令的path为:/usr/local/git/bin/ ,他不在non-login shell 路径下(/usr/bin),下面是解决办法:

# Fix it with symlinks in /usr/bin
[root@li96-10 ~]# cd /usr/bin/
[root@li96-10 bin]# ln -s /usr/local/git/bin/git* .

 

问题:git: error while loading shared libraries: libiconv.so.2: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory

http://vsfor.com/archives/114

find the file,then copy the path to /etc/ld.so.conf   and save it

then $/sbin/ldconfig

ok   that’s it

安装git之后出现 某些库无法加载的情况,找到该库文件所在位置,将其路径添加至 /etc/ld.so.conf  文件中

保存后运行 /sbin/ldconfig即可

编译安装SVN 最新版

总结:

1.类似缺少软件包的问题,一般是要安装  软件包名-devl 版的软件

 

 

libmysqlclient 找不到:

安装mysql

官网下载 编译好的安装包找到 libmysqlclient.so.18.0.0 文件复制

【错误】

get it with SVN and put it in a subdirectory of this source:

svn co
http://svn.apache.org/repos/asf/apr/apr/branches/0.9.x 
apr

Run that right here in the top level of the Subversion tree,
then run autogen.sh again.

Whichever of the above you do, you probably need to do
something similar for apr-util, either providing both
–with-apr and –with-apr-util to ‘configure’, or
getting both from SVN with:

svn co
http://svn.apache.org/repos/asf/apr/apr-util/branches/0.9.x 
apr-util

configure: error: no suitable apr found

【解决方法:】

sudo yum install apr-devl apr-util-devl

或者这个前缀的软件包

总结:类似缺少软件包的问题,一般是要安装  软件包名-devl 版的软件

 

创建和配置你的版本库

svnadmin create /path/to/repos

找不到svnadmin 尝试:/usr/local/bin/svnadmin

错误:can't open file db/txn-current-lock:permission denied
用户对库没有权限,
#chown -R username svn_repos

 

 

如何查看svn server的版本和支持的访问方式 (2008-07-29 16:14)http://blog.chinaunix.net/space.php?uid=13606505&do=blog&id=2232703

分类: SubVersion
查找本机安装的svn server的位置和数量,[ram@lemuria ~]$ whereis svnversion
svnversion: /usr/bin/svnversion /usr/local/bin/svnversion /usr/share/man/man1/svnversion.1.gz
[ram@lemuria ~]$ /usr/bin/svnversion –version
svnversion, version 1.2.3 (r15833)
compiled Aug 26 2005, 03:42:45Copyright (C) 2000-2005 CollabNet.
Subversion is open source software, see http://subversion.tigris.org/
This product includes software developed by CollabNet (http://www.Collab.Net/).[ram@lemuria ~]$ /usr/local/bin/svnversion –version
svnversion, version 1.3.0 (r17949)
compiled May 20 2006, 23:55:41

Copyright (C) 2000-2005 CollabNet.
Subversion is open source software, see http://subversion.tigris.org/
This product includes software developed by CollabNet (http://www.Collab.Net/).


查看本机svn server支持的访问方式:

[ram@localhost ~]$ svn --version
svn, version 1.3.1 (r19032)
   compiled Apr  4 2006, 06:38:16

Copyright (C) 2000-2006 CollabNet.
Subversion is open source software, see http://subversion.tigris.org/
This product includes software developed by CollabNet (http://www.Collab.Net/).

The following repository access (RA) modules are available:

* ra_dav : Module for accessing a repository via WebDAV (DeltaV) protocol.
  - handles 'http' scheme
  - handles 'https' scheme
* ra_svn : Module for accessing a repository using the svn network protocol.
  - handles 'svn' scheme
* ra_local : Module for accessing a repository on local disk.
  - handles 'file' scheme

CentOS5.7编译安装 nginx+php5.3.8+php-fpm

 

 

1.编译安装php5.3.8

sudo ./configure –prefix=/usr
–with-config-file-path=/etc
–with-iconv –with-freetype-dir
–with-jpeg-dir –with-png-dir –with-zlib
–with-mhash –enable-sockets –enable-ftp
–with-libxml-dir –enable-xml –disable-rpath
–enable-safe-mode –enable-bcmath
–enable-shmop –enable-sysvsem
–enable-inline-optimization –with-curl
–with-mysql=/usr/lib64/mysql –with-curlwrappers
–enable-mbregex –enable-fpm
–enable-mbstring –with-mcrypt –with-openssl –with-mhash
–enable-pcntl –enable-sockets –with-ldap-sasl
–without-pear –enable-fpm
–enable-zip –enable-soap

sudo make && make install

 

 

 

错误:configure: error: Cannot find libmysqlclient under /usr

http://hi.baidu.com/dmkj2008/blog/item/30600788ce5bcb83a4c272c5.html

编译PHP时候报错:configure: error: Cannot find libmysqlclient under /usr 解决
今天在64位rhel4.7系统上编译PHP5.2.6出错,mysql是使用的RPM方式安装的,PHP编译代码:
./configure    –prefix=/usr/local/php –with-mysql –with-apxs2=/usr/local/apache/bin/apxs –with-openssl –with-curl –enable-xml –with-mcrypt –with-ttf –enable-magic-quotes –enable-fastcgi –enable-mbstring –with-iconv –enable-mbstring –with-gd –with-jpeg-dir –with-png-dir –with-zlib-dir –enable-sysvsem

出现以下错误:

checking for specified location of the MySQL UNIX socket… no
checking for MySQL UNIX socket location… no
configure: error: Cannot find libmysqlclient under /usr.
Note that the MySQL client library is not bundled anymore!
通过查找libmysqlclient,发现是在/usr/lib64/mysql/目录内的libmysqlclient.so.16.0.0做的软连接,PHP默认是去的 /usr/lib/搜索,所以没有找到.找到问题了就好解决了.
类似的问题还有: /usr/lib/libjpeg.so -> /usr/lib64/libjpeg.so
解决方法:
1.cp -rp /usr/lib64/mysql/libmysqlclient.so.16.0.0 /usr/lib/libmysqlclient.so
2.
/usr/lib64/libmysqlclient.so -> libmysqlclient.so.16.0.0/usr/lib/libmysqlclient.so -> /usr/lib64/libmysqlclient.so

checking whether to enable embedded MySQLi support… no
checking for mysql_set_server_option in -lmysqlclient… no
configure: error: wrong mysql library version or lib not found. Check config.log for more information.
经过大量测试, 发现解决方案:
(php-xxxxx为php文件名, 代表路径)

# cd /usr/local/src/php-xxxxx/ext/mysqli
# yum -y install mysql-devel
# /phpize
# ./configure –with-php-config= /php-config –enable-embedded-mysqli=shared –enable-shared
# make
# make install
这时屏幕会打印mysqli.so生成的路径, 在php.ini里加载就好啦

/usr/bin/ld: cannot find -lmysqlclient

Centos yum instal l出错(依赖问题)解决方案

刚安装完Centos6,yum安装软件时经常遇到这种问题:

Packages skipped because of dependency problems:

一般都是用yum install *** –skip-broken

 

后来在网上找到了解决方案:

1、将/etc/yum.repos.d文件夹下所有repos文件转移,然后把用的那个repo拷贝回来(保证repo所在目录只有你的那1个文件)

2、yum clean all

3、再yum install安装看看

http://www.cnblogs.com/wanyao/archive/2011/09/19/2181769.html

备份:[原创 centos 安装mono]CentOS5.6 安装nginx1.0.6+php5.3.8+php-fpm+mongodb1.8.3+Thrift 高性能c# sns平

2011年9月1日 15:56:42

原创作品,允许转载,转载时请务必以超链接形式标明文章原始出处、作者信息和本声明。否则将追究法律责任。http://hi.baidu.com/xc_hai

#1—-PHP 5.3.8 Released!  [2011-08-23]  11M
wget http://cn.php.net/distributions/php-5.3.8.tar.bz2

#2—-nginx 2011-08-29 nginx-1.0.6 stable version has been released.
wget http://nginx.org/download/nginx-1.0.6.tar.gz

#3—-mongodb 1.8.3  8/22/2011  Linux 64-bit
wget http://fastdl.mongodb.org/linux/mongodb-linux-x86_64-1.8.3.tgz

#4—-mono   Latest Stable Version: 2.10.5       32M
wget http://download.mono-project.com/sources/mono/mono-2.10.5.tar.bz2

#5—–Thrift is 0.7.0 (released on 2011-08-13). ##http://thrift.apache.org/download/
wget http://labs.renren.com/apache-mirror//thrift/0.7.0/thrift-0.7.0.tar.gz

安装步骤# php–>php-fpm–>nginx–>mongoDB–>mono–>thrift(Memcached可选)

 

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
在64位的 CentOS 上yum 只安装64位的软件包
#vim /etc/yum.conf
[main]
cachedir=/var/cache/yum
keepcache=0
……##加一行那可##
exclude=*.i?86
……
exclude选项支持正则表达式,*.i?86可以用来过滤掉i386,i686等32bit包了
如果你已经安装了一些32位的软件包你也可以以下命令删除哦 #yum remove *.i?86
——————————————————————————————————–
定时校正服务器时钟,定时与中国国家授时中心授时服务器同步
# crontab -e
加入一行: */5 * * * * /usr/sbin/ntpdate cn.pool.ntp.org && hwclock -w > /dev/null 2>&1
+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
一、#安装依赖库和开发工具
sudo -s
LANG=C
yum install gcc gcc-c++ autoconf libjpeg libjpeg-devel libpng libpng-devel freetype freetype-devel libxml2 libxml2-devel zlib zlib-devel glibc glibc-devel glib2 glib2-devel bzip2 bzip2-devel ncurses ncurses-devel curl curl-devel e2fsprogs e2fsprogs-devel krb5 krb5-devel libidn libidn-devel openssl openssl-devel openldap openldap-devel nss_ldap openldap-clients openldap-servers
##*Nginx
yum install pcre-devel  zlib-devel
##* PHP:
yum install gd-devel libjpeg-devel libpng-devel freetype-devel libxml2-devel curl-devel freetype-devel
二、创建www用户和组,虚拟主机使用的目录:
A#/usr/sbin/groupadd www && /usr/sbin/useradd -g www www 

##useradd -s /sbin/nologin -M www  ###  chmod a+rwx -R /var/log/nginx
创建Nginx日志目录
B# mkdir -p /var/log/nginx && chmod +w /var/log/nginx &&chown -R www:www /var/log/nginx  
创建www用户和组,以及供www虚拟主机使用的目录:
C# mkdir -p /data0/www  && chmod +w /data0/www  &&  chown -R www:www /data0/www  

#三、(1)安装PHP 5.3.8(FastCGI模式)
##1、编译安装PHP 5.3.8所需的支持库:
wget http://ncu.dl.sourceforge.net/project/mcrypt/MCrypt/2.6.8/mcrypt-2.6.8.tar.gz
wget http://ncu.dl.sourceforge.net/project/mhash/mhash/0.9.9.9/mhash-0.9.9.9.tar.gz
wget http://ncu.dl.sourceforge.net/project/mcrypt/Libmcrypt/2.5.8/libmcrypt-2.5.8.tar.gz
wget http://ftp.gnu.org/pub/gnu/libiconv/libiconv-1.14.tar.gz
2、编译安装PHP 5.3.8所需的支持库:
##第2.1步,按顺序安装
tar zxvf libiconv-1.14.tar.gz && cd libiconv-1.14/
./configure –prefix=/usr/local
make && make install && cd ../

## 2.2首先安装libmcrypt
tar zxvf libmcrypt-2.5.8.tar.gz && cd libmcrypt-2.5.8/
./configure &&  make && make install
/sbin/ldconfig && cd libltdl/ && ./configure –enable-ltdl-install
make && make install && cd ../../

## 2.3接着安装mhash
tar zxvf mhash-0.9.9.9.tar.gz && cd mhash-0.9.9.9/ && ./configure
make && make install && cd ../

## 2.3最后安装mcrypt
tar zxvf mcrypt-2.6.8.tar.gz &&cd mcrypt-2.6.8/
/sbin/ldconfig
./configure
make && make install && cd ../

如果报错就用: error: “You need at least libmhash 0.8.15 to compile this program.
# 需要执行,/sbin/ldconfig,或者指定LD_LIBRARY_PATH的路径
#用下列方法#再次编译#
#tar zxvf mcrypt-2.6.8.tar.gz &&cd mcrypt-2.6.8/
#LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/usr/local/lib ./configure
# make && make install && cd ../

3、编译安装PHP(FastCGI模式,不支持mysql) 开启 php-fpm # –with-fpm (*) 不是 –enable-fpm 而是 –with-fpm
tar xjvf php-5.3.8.tar.bz2 && cd php-5.3.8
./configure –prefix=/usr/local/webserver/php
–with-config-file-path=/usr/local/webserver/php/etc
–with-iconv-dir=/usr/local/webserver –with-freetype-dir
–with-jpeg-dir –with-png-dir –with-zlib
–with-mhash –enable-sockets –enable-ftp
–with-libxml-dir –enable-xml –disable-rpath
–enable-safe-mode –enable-bcmath
–enable-shmop –enable-sysvsem
–enable-inline-optimization –with-curl
–with-curlwrappers
–enable-mbregex  –enable-fpm
–enable-mbstring –with-mcrypt –with-gd
–enable-gd-native-ttf –with-openssl –with-mhash
–enable-pcntl –enable-sockets –with-ldap –with-ldap-sasl
–without-pear –enable-fpm 
–with-xmlrpc –enable-zip –enable-soap

3-1# make                    #去掉#make ZEND_EXTRA_LIBS=’-liconv’  #因为-liconv的目录不是在/usr/local下所以安装时需要手动指定
3-2# make install
3-3# cp php.ini-production /usr/local/webserver/php/etc/php.ini  //拷贝php配置文件

 

如果 make: *** [sapi/fpm/php-fpm] Error 1 报错:
1 -2/3 # ==php=make 不去除 iconv模块(Ice要用)再编译应用,只要+以下2步。
===4分钟=ok>先装:1–wget ftp://xmlsoft.org/libxml2/libxml2-2.7.8.tar.gz
tar xzvf libxml2-2.7.8.tar.gz && cd libxml2-2.7.8
./configure && make && make install && cd ../
===3分钟===ok>2步(得上面装好才能装,要不报版本太低。)–wget http://xmlsoft.org/sources/libxslt-1.1.26.tar.gz
tar xzvf libxslt-1.1.26.tar.gz && cd libxslt-1.1.26
./configure  && make && make install && cd ../

4、编译安装PHP5扩展模块    ##一、(2) php-fpm
eaccelerator加速器,是一个自由开放源码PHP加速器,优化和动态内容缓存,提高了性能php脚本的缓存性能,使得PHP脚本在编译的状态下,对服务器的开销几乎完全消除。
它还有对脚本起优化作用,以加快其执行效率。使您的PHP程序代码执效率能提高1-10倍;(这个不是必须的,可以不安装,但为了性能提升,必须的)
tar jxvf eaccelerator-0.9.6.1.tar.bz2 &&cd eaccelerator-0.9.6.1/
/usr/local/webserver/php/bin/phpize
./configure –enable-eaccelerator=shared –with-php-config=/usr/local/webserver/php/bin/php-config
make && make install && cd ../

修改vim /usr/local/webserver/php/etc/php.ini 配置文件, cgi.fix_pathinfo=0,防止Nginx文件类型错误解析漏洞。
再查找output_buffering = Off  修改为output_buffering = On
修改为cgi.fix_pathinfo=0

配置eAccelerator加速PHP:创建缓存存放目录
mkdir -p /usr/local/webserver/eaccelerator_cache && chmod 777 /usr/local/webserver/eaccelerator_cache
建立存放日志的目录
mkdir -p /usr/local/webserver/php/logs
vim /usr/local/webserver/php/etc/php.ini
按shift+g键跳到配置文件的最末尾,加上以下配置信息:
[eaccelerator]
zend_extension=”/usr/local/webserver/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20090626/eaccelerator.so”
eaccelerator.shm_size=”64″
eaccelerator.cache_dir=”/usr/local/webserver/eaccelerator_cache”
eaccelerator.enable=”1″
eaccelerator.optimizer=”1″
eaccelerator.check_mtime=”1″
eaccelerator.debug=”0″
eaccelerator.filter=””
eaccelerator.shm_max=”0″
eaccelerator.shm_ttl=”3600″
eaccelerator.shm_prune_period=”3600″
eaccelerator.shm_only=”0″
eaccelerator.compress=”1″
eaccelerator.compress_level=”9″

查看安裝是否成功,无错误信息提示:#/usr/local/webserver/php/bin/php -v
PHP 5.3.8 (cli) (built: Jun 18 2011 11:53:28)
全部安装工作准备已经完成,剩下进行一些配置.
cp /usr/local/webserver/php/etc/php-fpm.conf.default /usr/local/webserver/php/etc/php-fpm.conf
vim /usr/local/webserver/php/etc/php-fpm.conf   ##首先修改下面来配置修改
该配置文件只用修改以下四点,只需要把蓝色部分前面的注释去掉pm.max_children = 64
pm.start_servers = 20
pm.min_spare_servers = 5
pm.max_spare_servers = 35
pm.max_requests = 1024

修改完成,试着启动, 启动前可先测试下php-fpm.conf的语法是否正确。如出现下面的提示,表示没有问题。
#/usr/local/webserver/php/sbin/php-fpm -t
# /usr/local/webserver/php/sbin/php-fpm &   

# killall -9 php-fpm
启动后用netstat -tnlp   //查看如果有如图所示端口 如果有表示正常启动

如需要开机自动启动 则可以添加到/etc/rc.d/rc.local中
vim /etc/rc.d/rc.local
在空白行添加   /usr/local/php/sbin/php-fpm &

四、##安装nginx ===2011年9月8日最新版本1.0.6===

安装Nginx所需的pcre库:
# ftp://ftp.csx.cam.ac.uk/pub/software/programming/pcre/pcre-8.13.tar.gz
#tar zxvf pcre-8.13.tar.gz && cd pcre-8.13/ && ./configure
#make && make install && cd ../

http://www.nginx.org/download/nginx-1.0.6.tar.gz
tar zxvf nginx-1.0.6.tar.gz && cd nginx-1.0.6/

./configure –user=www –group=www
–prefix=/usr/local/webserver/nginx
–sbin-path=/usr/local/webserver/nginx/sbin/nginx
–conf-path=/usr/local/webserver/nginx/conf/nginx.conf
–with-http_stub_status_module
–with-http_ssl_module
–with-pcre
–lock-path=/var/run/nginx.lock
–pid-path=/var/run/nginx.pid

make && make install && cd ../
##–with-pcre  //这个一定要加,不加启动nginxd会报错
五、## 安装mono (10分钟)

#由于只要c#的mono环境,仅需要安装mono的主程序 1个包)

1.  mono-x.x.x.tar.bz2 (安装) mono的主程序,必须安装。

2.  xsp-x.x.x.tar.bz2 (不安装)   xsp程序,包含mono的fastcgi支持,如果采用fastcgi方式运行asp.net程序,不可少,必须安装。

3.  mod_mono-x.x.x.tar.bz2(不安装) mono的apache模块程序,如你采用apache模块方式运行mono,则不可少,必须安装。 apache 能够和XSP 服务沟通。

tar jxvf mono-2.10.5.tar.bz2 && cd mono-2.10.5
./configure
make
make install


六、##安装mongoDB

七、##安装thrift